The Enid News and Eagle, Enid, OK

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July 24, 2013

USPS eyeing big changes

WASHINGTON — Americans for generations have come to depend on door-to-door mail delivery. It’s about as American as apple pie.

But with the Postal Service facing billions of dollars in annual losses, the delivery service could virtually be phased out by 2022, under a proposal a House panel was considering Wednesday. Curbside delivery, which includes deliveries to mailboxes at the end of driveways, and cluster box delivery would replace letter carriers slipping mail into front-door boxes.

The proposal is part of broader legislation by Rep. Darrell Issa, R-Calif., chairman of the House Oversight and Government Reform Committee, designed to cut costs at the cash-strapped agency by up to $4.5 billion a year. The Postal Service had a $16 billion loss last year.

The agency has been moving toward curbside and cluster box delivery in new residential developments since the 1970s. The Postal Service in April began deciding whether to provide such delivery for people moving into newly built homes, rather than letting the developers decide.

“A balanced approach to saving the Postal Service means allowing USPS to adapt to America’s changing use of mail,” Issa said. “Done right, these reforms can improve the customer experience through a more efficient Postal Service.”

About one in three mail customers has door-to-door delivery, Issa said. The shift would include safe and secure cluster box delivery areas, he said, especially for elderly customers who receive Social Security checks and prescriptions through the mail.

About 30 million residential addresses receive delivery to boxes at the door or a mail slot. Another 87 million residential addresses receive curbside or cluster box delivery.

The cost differences are clear. Curbside delivery costs average $224 per year for each address, while cluster box delivery averages $160. Door-to-door delivery costs the agency about $350 per year, on average.

Bert Mackie, an Enid resident and former member of the Postal Service Board of Governors, said stopping door-to-door delivery should be a last resort.

“They need to do everything they can to cut costs, but I hesitate to see them do away with door-to-door service. I even doubt doing away with Saturday service would cut any costs,” Mackie said.

Mackie acknowledged he left the board of governors in 1989, and things could be different now. However, he said when he was a member of the board, the Postal Service was “in the black.” At that time, the board discussed stopping Saturday service and determined it would not save money. Extra costs would come from stacking mail on weekends and overtime to deal with it during the coming week.

“They are nearly totally automated now and that could have changed,” Mackie said.

However, he said he was not surprised at Wednesday’s announcement, because he knows the Postal Service is in financial trouble. However, Mackie said much of the trouble is due to Congress asking the Postal Service to make up its pension deficit in a short time. He thinks the amount of time for the payment should be increased.

“Congress needs to stretch it over a number of years. No business could catch up with a deficit in such a short time,” he said.

Sue Brennan, a Postal Service spokeswoman, said, “While converting delivery away from the door-to-curb or centralized delivery would allow the Postal Service to deliver mail to more addresses in less time, doing so is not included in our five-year plan.”

Brennan said the agency’s five-year plan does call for shifting 20 percent of business address deliveries from door-to-door to curbside and cluster box delivery through 2016.

Rep. Steve Lynch, D-Mass., said the plan to move some 30 million residential addresses from to-the-door to curbside and cluster box service would be impossible in dense urban areas such as his hometown of South Boston, crowded with triple-deckers — three apartments stacked on top of each other.

“You’d have to knock houses down in my neighborhood to build cluster boxes,” Lynch said. “This will not work.”

It might work in places like Manhattan with big apartment buildings, he said.

“Look, there’s no availability for cluster boxes in many communities around the country,” Lynch said.

Issa’s plan allows for people with physical hardships to get waivers allowing them to keep door delivery. There’s also a provision giving people the option to keep door delivery by paying a special fee to cover the additional cost.

Issa’s bill also allows the Postal Service to take into account factors such as poverty rates and population density in deciding which areas would be allowed to keep door delivery.

The financially beleaguered Postal Service, an independent agency, gets no tax dollars for its day-to-day operations, but is subject to congressional control.

The Postal Service is pursuing a major restructuring throughout its retail, delivery and mail processing operations. Since 2006, it has reduced annual costs by about $15 billion, cut its workforce by 193,000 or 28 percent, and consolidated more than 200 mail-processing locations.

The service’s losses largely are due to a decline in mail volume and a congressional requirement it make advance payments to cover expected health care costs for future retirees. About $11.1 billion of last year’s losses were due to payments for future retiree health costs.

The Postal Service is considering several options to fix its finances, including negotiations with unions to reduce labor costs and another possible increase in prices.

Staff Writer Robert Barron contributed to this Associated Press story.

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