The Enid News and Eagle, Enid, OK


June 8, 2013

Gardeners keep busy in June

ENID, Okla. — June is a transition month for gardeners as spring-blooming perennials finish flowering and summer perennials, as well as warm-season annuals, flourish.

This is a busy month for gardeners, and here is a partial list:

• Fertilizing — Annuals should be fertilized monthly with a balanced fertilizer, preferably water soluble such as Peters or Miracle Grow. I use a hose-on applicator, but you can measure the correct amount on the label per gallon and mix in a bucket for applying. The hose-on system is better, in my opinion, because it is sprayed on the leaves and soil, which is beneficial to the plants.

Roses should be fertilized monthly with one cup of granular 10-20-10 by lightly tilling in the fertilizer and then watering.

Bermuda should be fertilized at the rate of one pound of actual nitrogen per 1,000 square feet. It will take five pounds of 20-5-10 to obtain one pound of actual nitrogen. Ammonium nitrate is 34 percent nitrogen and will take three pounds to give one pound of actual nitrogen. The schedule for bermuda is to fertilize three to five times per season beginning late-April, then May, June, August and September. Do not fertilize fescue in June, July or August. Seeding of bermuda grass should be completed by the end of June.

• Mulching: Mulching your flower beds is highly recommended. It keeps the soil temperature lower, reduces weeds and reduces the need for water. I have some Grade A cedar mulch, but there are others such as pine bark and cypress. Organic mulch is preferred over artificial mulch.

• Spraying: Spray roses weekly with Funginex or similar fungicide and also spray after a rain. Watch for bagworms on junipers and evergreens and, if present, spray with Sevin or Orthene sprays. Red spider mites become more active and destructive during hot and dry weather. To check for these pests shake a branch or stem over a sheet of white paper. Tiny crawling specks mean you have an infestation. Kelthane is no longer available, but you can spray them with Diazinon or Orthene sprays, several times, usually about 10 days apart.

Crabgrass and nutsledge is best controlled by post-emergent chemicals. I use Image for nutsledge and 529 MSMA Weed Killer on crabgrass. There are others. You can apply either of these with a hose-end sprayer or spot treat with a tank sprayer. Both also come in a pre-mixed spray bottle. Spray early growth for best results. Well-established grasses are more difficult to eradicate and take more applications.

It is better for the environment to use as little pre-emergent and herbicide as possible. Do not use it if it is not necessary.

• Weeding: Hand weed your flower beds frequently. Hand weed the most unsightly weeds in your lawn.

• Watering: With our ongoing drought, water your beds twice a week or as needed. Water trees and bushes deeply. Applying water directly on the soil is much better than over-head watering. Watering your lawn too often causes shallow root growth, which is not good.

• Mowing: Mowing heights for fescue should be tall — 3 inches — and bermuda, should be 2 to 21⁄2 inches tall. Consider not bagging the grass to retain valuable nutrients for the soil.

Pickens is a member of Garfield County Master Gardeners.

Text Only
  • Trent Milacek web.jpg Despite poor harvest, wheat price falls

    I grew up and currently reside on our family farm southwest of Waukomis.

    July 26, 2014 1 Photo

  • Master Gardener logocmyk.jpg Gardeners share their favorites

    Annuals only last one season, but they are important because of the great variety of flowers that keep the garden colorful throughout the summer.

    July 26, 2014 1 Photo

  • Conservation workshop set

    The workshop will be 6 p.m. at the Oklahoma Cooperative Extension Service Center, 316 E. Oxford.

    July 26, 2014

  • Jeff Bedwell Consider safety of forage beforehand

    Drought conditions of the past three to four years and in particular the past eight months had hay/forage inventories at critically low levels. The most recent period ranked as the third-driest period in recorded history. Not unlike the farmers and ranchers of other times of drought, ag producers now have been very resourceful to not only replace hay supplies that have dwindled but also add much-needed revenue to farm income.

    July 19, 2014 1 Photo

  • Right to Farm web 1.jpg Ag industry seeks right to farm

    The emerging battle could have lasting repercussions for the nation’s food supply and for the millions of people worldwide who depend on U.S. agricultural exports. It’s also possible the right-to-farm idea could sputter as a merely symbolic gesture that carries little practical effect beyond driving up voter turnout in local elections.

    July 19, 2014 2 Photos

  • farm - Burlington FFA web.jpg Burlington students attend camp

    More than 1,600 FFA members from 289 Oklahoma FFA chapters attended one of four three and one-half day sessions from June 29-July 12.

    July 19, 2014 1 Photo

  • farm - Oklahoma's Dirty Dozen poster 150dpi_W.jpg Poster targets invasive plants

    They all have more than four letters, but they are certainly bad words in the state of Oklahoma.

    July 12, 2014 1 Photo

  • farm - Rick Nelson web.jpg Simple steps can prevent fungus infection

    July 12, 2014 1 Photo

  • Help plants survive the summer heat

    The July hot weather has arrived, and Oklahoma State University has some suggestions for helping with our gardening needs this month.

    July 12, 2014

  • farm - 4-H_W_W.jpg State 4-H honors volunteers

    A group of dedicated parents and volunteers with Oklahoma 4-H Youth Development Program gathered recently in Stillwater for learning, sharing of ideas and recognition of dedication to Oklahoma’s youth.

    July 12, 2014 1 Photo

Featured Ads